A "yam" represents the kind Dioscorea whose tuber is edible.
Yam is a tuber that can be considered a functional food, as well as nourishing the body with nutrients that promote health benefits (for example, helps prevent certain diseases).
Yam has many nutritional properties, attributed mainly to the presence of Diosgenin - a phyto-hormone that helps in the modulation of the female hormone, in addition to performing various functions in the body.
The nutritional properties of yam and what are the benefits of their consumption can offer
1 - Controlling PMS Symptoms
By balancing the levels of female hormones, yam helps to control the symptoms of PMS and menopause, could be an alternative to hormone replacement therapy (under medical supervision).
2 - Reducing Cholesterol Levels
Diosgenin also helps lower cholesterol levels (which reduces intestinal absorption of cholesterol and increases excretion).
3 - Increase Fertility
Diosgenin also helps to increase fertility, being beneficial for women who wish to conceive a child.
4 - The proper functioning of the intestine
Yam also contains vitamins and minerals important for a healthy body. "Iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin B complex, vitamin C and A, fiber to help control cholesterol levels and blood glucose and improve bowel function."
It strengthens the immune system. containing several vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. The yam acts in strengthening the immune system.
5 - Contributes to weight loss
It can also help in the process of weight loss. Although it contains carbohydrates, these are low glycemic index (not promoting glucose spike and insulin in the blood). Yam is high in fiber (provides more satiety and proper bowel function) and substances with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which help eliminate toxins from the body. They improve its functioning and promote the elimination of fat when it is associated with physical activity.
6 - Improvement of cellulite
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory yam also contributes to the fight against cellulite.
7 - Little fat.